One of the most interesting excursions on a trip to Istanbul is, without a doubt, Cappadocia. Few are reluctant to experience in the first person the grandeur of this mysterious irregular landscape. But how can we get from Istanbul to Cappadocia?
By bus to Cappadocia
To begin with, you should know that there are about 750 miles, so the journey will be long. The most economical way, but also the most time-consuming, is the bus. Although a few years ago there were a myriad of companies that made this journey, there came a time when the price drop made that finally there will be a company, Nevershir Seyahat. This company makes the journey Istanbul-Cappadocia by night bus. The good thing is that they operate every day of the year, regardless of whether they are festive or not.
To take the buses of this company you have to leave from the station of Istanbul Esenler. Its price is usually around 30 euros and arrives at Cappadocia at 7 am approximately. Although it is the strongest option, it is not the only company, you can also make this trip with others such as Metro Turzim. This company has two daily outings, only it is better to go to the bus station to get informed, as it changes depending on the day.
By plane to Cappadocia
Another option, faster but also more expensive than the previous one, is the plane. Yes, it is possible to go from Istanbul to Cappadocia by plane. You must buy flights from this city to the airport of Nevsehir, which is the closest. Once there, it will be easy to take a taxi so you can get closer to your destination.
Finally, if you want to be carefree, do not forget that there are a large number of guided tours, an interesting way to forget to buy tickets and also make the most of your stay in Cappadocia, with activities of the most picturesque as for example The legendary balloon trip over this abrupt landscape.
The excavated citadel of Uçhisar
If we want to see troglodytes dwellings dug in the subsoil, one of the best places in the world to do so is, without a doubt, the Cappadocia, in the region of Anatolia. There, we can find corners like Uçhisar, a great example of this type of constructions. In addition, Uçhisar, located at the highest point of Cappadocia, is also famous in Turkey for another attraction, the kale, a structure that crowns a promontory, known as Uçhisar Castle, also full of galleries and dependencies between the rock. The name was given to him because of the great crest in the form of two triangular peaks that is surrounded by two smaller ones, an image reminiscent of the great towers of the medieval castles.
This castle will offer us the most beautiful views of the surroundings, being able to see the Mount Erciyes in the distance.
The rooms dug in the rock, are all connected with each other thanks to a myriad of stairs, tunnels and walkways. The problem is that due to the strong erosion of this structure, completely exposed to the air currents, you cannot access all the rooms. For example, the north of the castle are reserved only to serve as pigeons.
It should be noted that many churches were found dug in the rock, not only by the outside of the castle, also inside it. There are also excavated graves, but they have no interest as they have been looted and are quite eroded.
Many assure that this type of constructions of type citadel, had long tunnels that could reach the outskirts of the city, even to several kilometers of this one. However, it seems that the tunnels of this castle have suffered continual landslides that have left them disabled.
If we are interested in knowing this excavated citadel we can travel by minibus from Goreme to Uchisar every half hour on laboralbes days and every hour on weekends. In addition, we will also be able to walk through the valley of the pigeons, a place with a really amazing scenery. This tour lasts about two hours, a perfect time to get to know the landscape of this area of Turkey.
Travel to Cappadocia, tour guide
Cappadocia is today one of the most tourist destinations in Turkey. Its peculiar landscape, its traditions and the mysticism that surround it known as “home of the fairies” have made it an increasingly sought-after place.
This historic region of central Anatolia forms part of the current provinces of Kayseri, Aksaray, Nigde and Nevseir.
The importance of Cappadocia resides mainly in its extensive patrimony since it has a geological formation that is unique throughout the world and a wide patrimony that was recognized by UNESCO in 1985.
What to see in Cappadocia
They are perhaps the most visited elements in the whole region. Shelters dug into the rock that gave way to a life under the ground. In the region there are some 37 cities, however, many have not been explored so it is possible that the real number is much higher.
They say it was the hiitas who built them, but the truth is that perhaps it is more impressive the passage of Christians (who were hidden in them) because there are approximately 200 churches in the bowels of the Earth, totally impressive.
It should be noted that these cities, perhaps the most important or the most tourist are Kaymakli, Ozkonak and Derinkuyu.
The Pasabag Valley
In the valley of Pasabagi we find what is called “fairy chimneys”, and although they are not the only ones in the world, the truth is that they are the most impressive.
These chimneys are nothing more than natural columns with base of weak rocks that have a more resistant rock peak that protects them from erosion. His form is quite striking and evidently his strange profile has originated a multitude of legends about his creation.
The troglodyte village of Cavusin
And from the underground world we pass to the caves in the rock; In Cappadocia there are a large number of troglodytes villages in which the Habitantse resided inside Caves. There they established churches, warehouses, armouries.
The Government of Turkey banned a few years ago to live in them. However, many of them failed to comply with the mandate. As a form of reprisal, some were destroyed. However, there are many (such as Cavusin) that continue to maintain their original layout.
Goreme Open Air Museum
Another favorite place for tourists in Cappadocia is the Goreme National Park (or Goreme Open Air Museum). This beautiful enclave is also a World heritage site, and shows how Christians lived in the Roman period.
During the 3rd and 4th centuries Christians began to hide in these lands. Obviously they needed places of prayer, so they decided to create several monasteries but… how to create these monasteries in Cappadocia? Very easy, dug into the rock. Thus, in this park we can find remains of these monasteries with their chapels, churches, rooms etc.