Generally speaking about the components of tourism as an agent of change, the focus is mainly on the social and economic component, since it is the most important visualization of any sector that has an impact because of tourism; However, it is also necessary to take into account factors such as landscape and space that are involuntarily involved not only in tourism but in any area of human development giving rise to different phenomena such as the museificación of Public spaces, among others.
To analyse this point, it is necessary to define the cultural landscape as “the combined work of nature and man, illustrating the evolution of society and human Settlements in the course of time, under the influence of physical restrictions, or Opportunities presented by their natural environment and successive social, economic and cultural forces, both internal and external “: UNESCO.
The simplicity with which you take the evolution that has a cultural landscape to become considered as a tourist attraction does not allow the proper contemplation of this fascinating development and of course truncates a planning that often has to be Overlapping because the original design of social spaces, in this case the cultural landscape, is not intended to be a tourist; But all the architectural, historical and urban resources that are used in their building over time make up an identity that attracts the visitor.
The cultural landscape tends to be affected by the tourist activity that overlaps a sudden change in its environment, causing modifications that threaten the same cultural landscape, so it is necessary to establish a deck of proposals that provide solutions Functional to this problem.
One of the main drawbacks is that the majority of government extensions responsible for tourism value the economic sense of this activity, leaving aside the obligation to preserve these spaces that in addition to nurturing the tourist system of a Certain place, also strengthen the social tissues of the peoples.
Culture culture and more
This process of converting social spaces into tourist spaces has generated studies by several researchers such as Javier Hernández from the University of Seville that mentions the importance of not disturbing the spaces that once concentrated the Life of a society with adaptations of the new century that far from helping can harm not only its image but also the meaning that these have for society.
Cultural landscapes must have a much deeper sense for tourists who must understand and value what they are appreciating. This could be the basis for generating respect through mediators of the tourist system as the guides of tourists who are a very important contact in the formation of the type of relationship that will materialize with the tourist, who is often apathetic to the place that visits , propitiating attitudes like littering or damaging the space by not following the indications of protection to the place.
The conservation and exploitation of cultural landscapes is the task of all those who in one way or another are part of the development of tourism that must be more and more responsible with the environment in which it develops. Do you know how to appreciate and protect the cultural landscapes of your locality?